Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial cancer is the most frequently seen gynecologic cancer type in women. Most of endometrial cancers can be detected at early stage when cancer cells are still limited to uterine wall. Therefore, many patients recover with treatment at early stage. 75% of endometrial cancer is observed during menopausal period and 25% is observed during pre-menopause period.

Risk factors for endometrial cancer:

  • Exposure to high dose unfulfilled estrogen hormone
  • Obesity
  • No giving birth
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Late menopause
  • Use of tamoxiphene

Many of the patients with endometrial cancer have abnormal bleeding symptoms during early stage. Vaginal bleeding should be a warning for the patients in menopause period. The women in menopausal period are recommended to go gynecological controls regularly and have uterine wall thickness measured with ultrasonography. The tissues taken from uterus with a simple abortion process are sent to pathology for diagnosis.

Endometrial cancer is a cancer type classified basically with surgery. The treatment is surgical except for the patients with systemic disease that cannot be treated surgically or those who want to become pregnant. In many cases, this surgical operation includes hysterectomy and extraction of ovaries and usually lymph nodes.
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